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Ricoh Aficio MP2500 (product code D010), Service Manual & Parts Catalog

This Service Manual & Parts Catalog is the full Ricoh Aficio MP2500 Service Repair Manual.
This manual, Ricoh Aficio MP2500, is in the PDF format and have detailed Diagrams, pictures and full procedures to diagnose and repair your Ricoh Aficio MP2500 copier.
You can print, zoom or read any diagram, picture or page from this Service Manual. Every chapter on this manual is fully detailed and contain all the simulation codes, trouble codes, maintenance procedures, reset procedures, diagnose procedures of Ricoh Aficio MP2500 photocopier. You can find easily everything what do you need.
To see what contain, please read table of contents:

INSTALLATION:
1. INSTALLATION
1.1 INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS
1.1.1 ENVIRONMENT
1.1.2 MACHINE LEVEL
1.1.3 MINIMUM SPACE REQUIREMENTS
1.1.4 POWER REQUIREMENTS
1.2 COPIER INSTALLATION
1.2.1 POWER SOCKETS FOR PERIPHERALS
1.2.2 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.2.3 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
1.3 PLATEN COVER INSTALLATION
1.3.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.3.2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
1.4 ARDF INSTALLATION
1.4.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.4.2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
1.5 TWO-TRAY PAPER TRAY UNIT INSTALLATION
1.5.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.5.2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
1.6 ONE-BIN TRAY INSTALLATION
1.6.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.6.2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
1.7 BRIDGE UNIT INSTALLATION
1.7.1 COMPONENT CHECK
1.7.2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
Installation for a machine WITHOUT the 1-bin tray unit
Installation for a machine WITH the 1-bin tray unit
1.8 500-SHEET FINISHER (B792)
1.8.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.8.2 INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
Installation of the 500-Sheet Finisher
1.9 ANTI-CONDENSATION HEATER INSTALLATION
1.10 TRAY HEATERS
1.10.1 TRAY HEATER
1.10.2 TRAY HEATERS FOR THE OPTIONAL PAPER FEED UNIT
1.11 KEY COUNTER INTERFACE INSTALLATION
1.12 DDST EXPANSION
1.12.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.12.2 INSTALLING EXPANSION COMPONENT
Installing Panels and Keys
1.13 PCL OPTION
1.13.1 ACCESSORY CHECK
1.13.2 INSTALLING PCL OPTION
1.14 MECHANICAL COUNTER
1.14.1 COMPONENT CHECK
1.14.2 INSTALLING MECHANICAL COUNTER
When removing the mechanical counter

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE:
2. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE
2.1 PM TABLES
2.1.1 OPTICS
2.1.2 DRUM AREA
2.1.3 PAPER FEED
2.1.4 FUSING UNIT
2.1.5 ARDF
2.1.6 PAPER TRAY UNIT
2.2 HOW TO RESET THE PM COUNTER

REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT:
3. REPLACEMENT AND ADJUSTMENT
3.1 GENERAL CAUTIONS
3.1.1 PCU (PHOTOCONDUCTOR UNIT)
3.1.2 TRANSFER ROLLER
3.1.3 SCANNER UNIT
3.1.4 LASER UNIT
3.1.5 FUSING UNIT
3.1.6 PAPER FEED
3.2 SPECIAL TOOLS AND LUBRICANTS
3.3 EXTERIOR COVERS AND OPERATION PANEL
3.3.1 REAR COVER
3.3.2 TRAY HARNESS COVER
3.3.3 COPY TRAY
3.3.4 INNER COVER
3.3.5 UPPER COVERS
3.3.6 LEFT COVER
3.3.7 FRONT COVER
3.3.8 FRONT RIGHT COVER
3.3.9 RIGHT REAR COVER
3.3.10 RIGHT DOOR (DUPLEX UNIT)
3.3.11 BY-PASS TRAY
3.3.12 RIGHT LOWER COVER
3.3.13 PLATEN COVER SENSOR
3.4 SCANNER UNIT
3.4.1 EXPOSURE GLASS/DF EXPOSURE GLASS
Exposure Glass
DF Exposure Glass
3.4.2 LENS BLOCK
3.4.3 LAMP STABILIZER BOARD AND EXPOSURE LAMP
3.4.4 ORIGINAL WIDTH/LENGTH SENSOR
Sensor Positions
Rearranging Sensor Positions for China Model (8K/16K)
3.4.5 SCANNER MOTOR
3.4.6 SCANNER HOME POSITION SENSOR
3.4.7 ADJUSTING SCANNER POSITIONS
Overview
Adjusting the First Scanner Contact Points
Adjusting the Second Scanner Contact Points
3.5 LASER UNIT
3.5.1 LOCATION OF CAUTION DECAL
3.5.2 TONER SHIELD GLASS
3.5.3 LASER UNIT
3.5.4 LD UNIT
3.5.5 POLYGONAL MIRROR MOTOR
3.5.6 LASER UNIT ALIGNMENT ADJUSTMENT
3.6 PCU SECTION
3.6.1 PCU
3.6.2 PICK-OFF PAWLS AND TONER DENSITY SENSOR
3.6.3 OPC DRUM
3.6.4 CHARGE ROLLER AND CLEANING BRUSH
3.6.5 CLEANING BLADE
3.6.6 DEVELOPER
3.6.7 AFTER REPLACEMENT OR ADJUSTMENT
3.7 TONER SUPPLY MOTOR
3.8 PAPER FEED SECTION
3.8.1 PAPER FEED ROLLER: TRAY 1
3.8.2 PAPER FEED ROLLER: TRAY 2
3.8.3 FRICTION PAD
3.8.4 PAPER END SENSOR
3.8.5 UPPER/LOWER PAPER LIFT MOTORS
3.8.6 EXIT SENSOR
3.8.7 BY-PASS FEED ROLLER AND PAPER END SENSOR
3.8.8 REGISTRATION ROLLER
3.8.9 BY-PASS PAPER SIZE SWITCH
3.8.10 REGISTRATION CLUTCH
3.8.11 REGISTRATION SENSOR
3.8.12 UPPER PAPER FEED CLUTCH AND BY-PASS FEED CLUTCH
3.8.13 RELAY CLUTCHES
3.8.14 UPPER RELAY SENSOR
3.8.15 LOWER RELAY SENSOR
3.8.16 LOWER PAPER FEED CLUTCH
3.8.17 UPPER/LOWER PAPER SIZE SENSORS
3.8.18 UPPER/LOWER PAPER LIFT SENSOR
3.8.19 UPPER/LOWER PAPER HEIGHT SENSORS
When reassembling the sensor bracket
3.9 IMAGE TRANSFER
3.9.1 IMAGE TRANSFER ROLLER
3.9.2 IMAGE DENSITY SENSOR
3.9.3 DISCHARGE PLATE
Reassembling the discharge plate
3.10 FUSING
3.10.1 FUSING UNIT
3.10.2 THERMISTOR
3.10.3 FUSING LAMPS
3.10.4 HOT ROLLER STRIPPER PAWLS
3.10.5 HOT ROLLER
3.10.6 THERMOSTAT
3.10.7 PRESSURE ROLLER AND BUSHINGS
3.10.8 NIP BAND WIDTH ADJUSTMENT
3.10.9 CLEANING ROLLER
3.11 DUPLEX UNIT
3.11.1 DUPLEX EXIT SENSOR
3.11.2 DUPLEX ENTRANCE SENSOR
3.11.3 DUPLEX INVERTER SENSOR
3.11.4 DUPLEX TRANSPORT MOTOR
3.11.5 DUPLEX INVERTER MOTOR
3.12 OTHER REPLACEMENTS
3.12.1 QUENCHING LAMP
3.12.2 HIGH-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY BOARD
3.12.3 BICU (BASE-ENGINE IMAGE CONTROL UNIT)
3.12.4 MAIN MOTOR
3.12.5 DUPLEX FAN
3.12.6 REAR EXHAUST FAN
Replacement Procedure
3.12.7 PSU (POWER SUPPLY UNIT)
3.12.8 GEARBOX
Gear Arrangement in the Gearbox
3.13 COPY ADJUSTMENTS PRINTING/SCANNING
3.13.1 PRINTING
Registration - Leading Edge/Side-to-Side
Blank Margin
Main Scan Magnification
3.13.2 SCANNING
D010 vi SM
Registration: Platen Mode
Magnification
Main Scan Magnification
Sub-Scan Magnification
Standard White Density Adjustment
3.13.3 ARDF IMAGE ADJUSTMENT
Sub-scan Magnification

TROUBLESHOOTING:
4. TROUBLESHOOTING
4.1 SERVICE CALL CONDITIONS
4.1.1 SUMMARY
4.1.2 SC CODE DESCRIPTIONS
4.2 ELECTRICAL COMPONENT DEFECTS
4.2.1 SENSORS
4.2.2 SWITCHES
4.3 BLOWN FUSE CONDITIONS
4.4 LED DISPLAY
4.4.1 BICU

SERVICE TABLES:
5. SERVICE TABLES
5.1 SERVICE PROGRAM MODE
5.1.1 HOW TO ENTER THE SP MODE
5.2 COPIER SP MODE TABLES
5.2.1 SP1-XXX (FEED)
5.2.2 SP2-XXX (DRUM)
5.2.3 SP3-XXX (PROCESS)
5.2.4 SP4-XXX (SCANNER)
5.2.5 SP5-XXX (MODE)
5.2.6 SP6-XXX (PERIPHERALS)
5.2.7 SP7-XXX (DATA LOG)
5.2.8 SP8-XXX (DATA LOG 2)
5.2.9 SP9-XXX (ETC.)
5.3 PRINTER/SCANNER SP MODE TABLES (DDST CONTROLLER ONLY)
5.3.1 PRINTER SERVICE MODE
5.3.2 SCANNER SYSTEM AND OTHERS
5.4 USING SP MODES
5.4.1 ADJUSTING REGISTRATION AND MAGNIFICATION
5.4.2 ID SENSOR ERROR ANALYSIS (SP 3310)
5.4.3 DISPLAY APS DATA (SP 4301-1)
5.4.4 MEMORY CLEAR
With Flash Memory Card
Without Flash Memory Card
5.4.5 INPUT CHECK
Conducting an Input Check
Input Check Table for Mainframe (SP 5803)
Input Check Table for Finisher (SP 6124)
5.4.6 OUTPUT CHECK
Conducting an Output Check for Mainframe
Output Check Table for Mainframe (SP 5804)
Output Check Table for Finisher (SP 6128)
5.4.7 SERIAL NUMBER INPUT (SP 5811)
Specifying Characters
5.4.8 NVRAM DATA UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD (SP 5824/5825)
Overview
NVRAM Upload (SP 5824-1)
NVRAM Download (SP 5825-1)
5.4.9 FIRMWARE UPDATE PROCEDURE
Engine (BICU) Firmware Update Procedure
DDST (Printer Scanner) Update Procedure
5.4.10 TEST PATTERN PRINT (SP 5902-1)
Executing Test Pattern Printing
Test Patterns
5.4.11 PAPER JAM COUNTERS (SP 7504)
5.4.12 SMC PRINT (SP 5990)
5.4.13 ORIGINAL JAM HISTORY DISPLAY (SP 7508)
Viewing the Copy Jam History
Jam History Codes
5.4.14 ADF APS SENSOR OUTPUT DISPLAY (SP 6901)
Sensor Positions
Reading Data

DETAILED SECTION DESCRIPTIONS:
6. DETAILED SECTION DESCRIPTIONS
6.1 OVERVIEW
6.1.1 COMPONENT LAYOUT
6.1.2 PAPER PATH
6.1.3 DRIVE LAYOUT
6.2 BOARD STRUCTURE
6.2.1 BLOCK DIAGRAM
6.2.2 BICU (BASE ENGINE AND IMAGE CONTROL UNIT)
6.2.3 SBU (SENSOR BOARD UNIT)
6.3 COPY PROCESS OVERVIEW
6.4 SCANNING
6.4.1 OVERVIEW
6.4.2 SCANNER DRIVE
6.4.3 ORIGINAL SIZE DETECTION IN PLATEN MODE
6.5 IMAGE PROCESSING
6.5.1 OVERVIEW
6.5.2 SBU (SENSOR BOARD UNIT)
6.5.3 IPU (IMAGE PROCESSING UNIT)
Overview
Image Processing Modes
Image Processing Path
Original Modes
SP Modes for Each Image Processing Step
Auto Shading
White Line Erase
Black Line Erase
Auto Image Density (ADS)
Scanner Gamma Correction
Main Scan Magnification
Mirroring for ADF Mode
Filtering
ID Gamma Correction
Gradation Processing
6.5.4 VIDEO CONTROL UNIT (VCU)
Fine Character and Image (FCI)
Printer Gamma Correction
6.6 LASER EXPOSURE
6.6.1 OVERVIEW
6.6.2 AUTO POWER CONTROL (APC)
6.6.3 LD SAFETY SWITCH
6.7 PHOTOCONDUCTOR UNIT (PCU)
6.7.1 OVERVIEW
6.7.2 DRIVE
6.8 DRUM CHARGE
6.8.1 OVERVIEW
6.8.2 CHARGE ROLLER VOLTAGE CORRECTION
Correction for Environmental Conditions
6.8.3 ID SENSOR PATTERN PRODUCTION TIMING
6.8.4 DRUM CHARGE ROLLER CLEANING
6.9 DEVELOPMENT
6.9.1 OVERVIEW
6.9.2 DRIVE
6.9.3 DEVELOPER MIXING
6.9.4 DEVELOPMENT BIAS
6.9.5 TONER SUPPLY
Toner Bottle Replenishment Mechanism
6.9.6 TONER SUPPLY MECHANISM
6.9.7 TONER DENSITY CONTROL
Overview
Toner Density Sensor Initial Setting
Toner Concentration Measurement
Vsp/Vsg Detection
Toner Supply Reference Voltage (Vref) Determination
Toner Supply Determination
Toner Supply Motor On Time Determinations
6.9.8 TONER SUPPLY IN ABNORMAL SENSOR CONDITIONS
ID Sensor
TD Sensor
6.9.9 TONER NEAR END/END DETECTION AND RECOVERY
Toner Near End Detection
D010 x SM
Toner Near End Recovery
Toner End Detection
Toner End Recovery
6.10 DRUM CLEANING AND TONER RECYCLING
6.10.1 DRUM CLEANING
6.10.2 TONER RECYCLING
6.11 PAPER FEED
6.11.1 OVERVIEW
6.11.2 PAPER FEED DRIVE MECHANISM
6.11.3 PAPER FEED AND SEPARATION MECHANISM
6.11.4 PAPER LIFT MECHANISM
6.11.5 PAPER END DETECTION
6.11.6 PAPER HEIGHT DETECTION
6.11.7 PAPER SIZE DETECTION
Paper Tray
By-pass Tray
6.11.8 SIDE FENCES
Side Fences
End Fence
6.11.9 PAPER REGISTRATION
6.11.10 TRAY LOCK MECHANISM
6.12 IMAGE TRANSFER AND PAPER SEPARATION
6.12.1 OVERVIEW
6.12.2 IMAGE TRANSFER CURRENT TIMING
6.12.3 TRANSFER ROLLER CLEANING
6.12.4 PAPER SEPARATION MECHANISM
6.13 IMAGE FUSING AND PAPER EXIT
6.13.1 OVERVIEW
6.13.2 FUSING UNIT DRIVE AND RELEASE MECHANISM
Fusing Unit Drive
Drive Release Mechanism
Contact/Release Control
Drive Release Solenoid
6.13.3 FUSING ENTRANCE GUIDE SHIFT
6.13.4 PRESSURE ROLLER
6.13.5 FUSING TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Overview
Temperature Control
6.13.6 OVERHEAT PROTECTION
6.14 DUPLEX UNIT
6.14.1 OVERALL
6.14.2 DRIVE MECHANISM
6.14.3 BASIC OPERATION
Larger than A4 Short-edge/LT Short-edge
Up to A4 Short-edge/LT Short-edge
6.14.4 FEED IN AND EXIT MECHANISM
6.15 ENERGY SAVER MODES OF BASIC MACHINES
6.15.1 OVERVIEW
6.15.2 AOF
6.15.3 TIMERS
6.15.4 RECOVERY
6.16 ENERGY SAVER MODES OF DDST MACHINES
6.16.1 OVERVIEW
6.16.2 AOF
6.16.3 TIMERS
6.16.4 RECOVERY

SPECIFICATIONS:
7. SPECIFICATIONS
7.1 GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
7.2 SUPPORTED PAPER SIZES
7.2.1 ORIGINAL SIZE DETECTION
North America, Europe, Asia, Taiwan
China, Korea
7.2.2 PAPER FEED AND EXIT
Main Frame, Duplex
7.3 MACHINE CONFIGURATION
7.4 OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
7.4.1 ARDF
7.4.2 TWO-TRAY PAPER TRAY UNIT
7.4.3 ONE-BIN TRAY
7.4.4 BRIDGE UNIT
7.4.5 500-SHEET FINISHER

B792 FINISHER SR3000
SEE SECTION B792 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D330 AUTO REVERSE DOCUMENT FEEDER DF 3020
SEE SECTION D330 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D331 PAPER FEED UNIT PB 3030
SEE SECTION D331 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D339 1 BIN TRAY BN 3020
SEE SECTION D339 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D340 BRIDGE UNIT BU 3010
SEE SECTION D340 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D345 FAX OPTION TYPE 2500
SEE SECTION D345 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

D359 PRINTER/SCANNER UNIT TYPE 2500
SEE SECTION D359 FOR DETAILED TABLE OF CONTENTS

----------------
CONTENT FOR PARTS CATALOG:
D010 Parts Location and list
LOCATION OF UNIT
1. EXTERIOR 1 (D010)
2. EXTERIOR 2 (D010)
3. OPERATION PANEL (D010)
4. OPTICS SECTION 1 (D010)
5. OPTICS SECTION 2 (D010)
6. OPTICS SECTION 3 (D010)
7. LASER UNIT (D010)
8. BY-PASS FEED SECTION (D010)
9. 1st PAPER TRAY (D010)
10. 2nd PAPER TRAY (D010)
11. PAPER REGISTRATION (D010)
12. 1ST PAPER FEED SECTION (D010)
13. 2ND PAPER FEED SECTION 1 (D010)
14. 2ND PAPER FEED SECTION 2 (D010)
15. PCU 1 (D010)
16. PCU 2 (D010)
17. TONER SUPPLY UNIT (D010)
18. FUSING UNIT (D010)
19. PAPER EXIT SECTION (D010)
20. DUPLEX UNIT 1 (D010)
21. DUPLEX UNIT 2 (D010)
22. DUPLEX UNIT 3 (D010)
23. DRIVE SECTION 1 (D010)
24. DRIVE SECTION 2 (D010)
25. DRIVE SECTION 3 (D010)
26. ELECTRICAL SECTION 1 (D010)
27. ELECTRICAL SECTION 2 (D010)
28. GDI UNIT (D010)
29. BICU BOARD (D010)
30. DECAL AND DOCUMENT (D010)
31. SPECIAL TOOLS (D010)

D010 PARTS INDEX
PARTS INDEX

PLATEN COVER TYPE 1018 B406 PARTS LOCATION AND
LIST
1. Platen Cover Type 1018 (B406)

PLATEN COVER TYPE 1018 B406 PARTS INDEX
PARTS INDEX

FINISHER SR3010 B792 PARTS LOCATION AND LIST
1. Exterior (B792)
2. Jogger Unit (B792)
3. Paper Exit 1 (B792)
4. Paper Exit 2 (B792)
5. Paper Exit 3 (B792)
6. Paper Exit 4 (B792)
7. Paper Exit 5 (B792)
8. Electrical and Drive 1 (B792)
9. Electrical and Drive 2 (B792)
10. Frame (B792)

Number of pages: 929.
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